Volume 02 - Issue 01

January 2014

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A Fitness Intervention Program within a Physical Education Class on Cardiovascular Endurance among Malaysia Secondary School Students

ShabeshanRengasamy Subramaniam Raju Wee AkinaSiaSeng Lee Ramachandran Roa
Pages: 0-0

The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of a physical fitness intervention program within a physical education class on cardiovascular endurance of Malaysian secondary school boys and girls. A quasi experimental design was adopted for the study. Two schools in a district were randomly selected. In each school, two classes were randomly assigned intact to the experimental group of boys and girls (n = 45; n = 48) respectively and the other was the control group of boys and girls (n = 42; n = 38) respectively. Data were collected on cardiovascular endurance using Cooper' Twelve Minute Run. The experimental and the control groups underwent regular physical education classes twice a week for ten weeks. Apart from the regular physical education classes, the experimental group of boys and girls underwent the treatment of four exercises in a form of a circuit immediately after the warm-up session. After ten weeks, posttest data were collected. ANCOVA indicated that there was a main effect in cardiovascular endurance F(1, 84) = 18.17, p < .05; Cohen d = 0.17 between the boys and also a main effect F (1,83) = 44.69, p < .05; Cohen d = 0.35 between the girls. The results indicate that a ten week physical fitness program implemented within a physical education class was effective in enhancing cardiovascular endurance among the Malaysian secondary school boys and girls.

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Cognitive Strategy In Learning Chemistry: How Chunking And Learning Get Together

Norma Che Lah Rohaida Mohd Saat Ruhaya Hassan
Pages: 0-0

The study explores chunking strategies applied in Short Term Memory (STM) by upper secondary students of mixed chemistry learning abilities. The aim of the study is to observe variations in chunking strategies utilized by these students when learning the Periodic Table of Elements in the Form Four Chemistry syllabus. Findings show that students applied varied chunking strategies, of which, three patterns prevailed at STM level: similar chunking, mixed chunking, and characteristic chunking. Secondary school teachers in guiding their students through the Chemistry learning process should remain mindful of presenting didactic materials in a way that not only accommodates the students' various chunking strategies abilities needs, but at the same time hone the students' learning skills.

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Detecting A gender-Related Differential Item Functioning Using Transformed Item Difficulty

Nabeel Abedalaziz Chin Hai Leng Ahlam Alahmadi
Pages: 0-0

The purpose of the study was to examine gender differences in performance on multiple-choice mathematical ability test, administered within the context of high school graduation test that was designed to match eleventh grade curriculum. The transformed item difficulty (TID) was used to detect a gender related DIF. A random sample of 1400 eleventh graders in Kuala Lumpur was selected. In DIF indexes, females showed a statistically significant and consistent advantage over males on items involving algebra, whereas males showed a less consistent advantage on items involving geometry and measurement, number and computation, data analysis, and proportional reasoning. However it was concluded that gender differences in mathematics may well be linked to content.

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Program Evaluation: English Grammar in the Language Classroom

Mozhgan Azimi
Pages: 0-0

The present study wants to find out the reasons for choosing the current methods/techniques for teaching grammar and it also wants to investigate whether there is a relation between teachers' thinking and their actions in the class or not. For this reason, four language teachers were selected. The subjects were selected by non-random sampling. They were chosen purposefully (case study). The data collection was done through observations and interviews. An inductive thematic analysis was used to find out the subjects' underlying concepts and themes frequently mentioned. These general themes and underlying concepts were put in some categories. Then, these categories were organized in a coherent and meaningful manner. The findings of this study revealed that the subjects (four English teachers) taught English grammar by referring to their experiences.

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Teaching and Learning Calculus in Secondary Schools with the TI-Nspire

Mary Ann Serdina Parrot Leong Kwan Eu
Pages: 27-33

Technology can help develop understanding of abstract mathematical concepts through visualisation and graphic representation. The teaching and learning of calculus can be challenging as it involves abstract and complex ideas. The purpose of this study was to investigate how students and teachers attempt to use TINspire, the latest graphing calculator from Texas Instruments, in teaching and learning calculus. The study also explored the use of TI-Nspire technology and how it affected students’ motivation, interest and self-confidence in mathematics. This study used qualitative techniques such as interview and observation for data collection. The participants of this study were three Form Five (Grade 11) students from a mixed ability classroom in a public secondary school. Results of the study indicated that TI-Nspire reinforces students’ understanding of calculus concepts besides stimulating mathematical thinking. Students perceived that TI-Nspire had a positive effect on their mathematical knowledge and ability.

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The Malaysian Online Journal of Educational Sciences (MOJES) strives to provide a national and international academic forum to meet the professional interests of individuals in various educational disciplines. It is a professional refereed journal in the interdisciplinary fields sponsored by the Faculty of Education, University of Malaya. This journal serves as a platform for presenting and discussing a wide range of topics in Educational Sciences. It is committed to providing access to quality researches ranging from original research, theoretical articles and concept papers in educational sciences.
In order to produce a high quality journal, extensive effort has been put into selecting valuable researches that contributed to the journal. I would like to take this opportunity to express my appreciation to the editorial board, reviewers and researchers for their valuable contributions to make this journal a reality.