Volume 02 - Issue 03

July 2014

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Content Familiarity and Gender-Neutral Texts in Foreign Language Reading Comprehension

Maryam Jalilehvand Moses Samuel
Pages: 1-21

Based on the schema theory, it has been found that the background knowledge of males and females differs. This difference in background knowledge can affect the students'reading comprehension. In Iran, although boys and girls study in different schools, they follow the same curricula and syllabuses in all the schools. The present article reports the results of a study that investigated the interaction between content familiarity and gender on two neutral texts. To this end, data were elicited from 123 high school students (86 = female and 37 = male), ranging from 16-18 years old. They were randomly assigned to four groups and were presented with four texts. Two of the texts were familiar to the students and the other two texts were unfamiliar. The students' reading comprehension was assessed through two different testing measures namely the recall protocol and the cloze test. The performance of the four groups was compared using a between-subjects design and a two-way MANOVA test. Results indicated that there was a two-way interaction effect between familiarity and gender. Females scored higher on familiar texts whereas males outperformed the females on the unfamiliar texts. Based on the obtained results, it can be concluded that gender differences contribute to students' performance in reading comprehension.

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Issues and Concerns Faced By Undergraduate Language Student Teachers during Teaching Practicum Experiences

Mohd Sofi Ali Abdul Jalil Othman Abdul Faruk Abdul Karim
Pages: 22-30

This study examined specific issues and concerns faced by Bachelor of Education student teachers majoring in Language and Literature during their 12-week teaching practicum experience. Specifically, three main areas of concerns were examined. They were (1) specific issues and concerns related to the implementation of teaching practicum faced by the student teachers. (2) Effect of interactions with the mentor teachers and faculty supervisor on the effectiveness of the practicum experience, and (3) the expectations of the mentor teacher and faculty supervisors on the performance of the student s during their practicum experience. The findings indicated that student teachers were concerned over a series of instructional, administration and student management issues during their practicum experience. Besides, the interactions with their mentor teachers and faculty supervisors, and their expectations of their student teachers seemed to have affected the performance of the student teachers during the practicum experience. The concerns they expressed in study therefore were genuine and they must be duly addressed by the faculty supervisors, mentor teachers, faculty management, faculty curriculum developers and school management.

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The Contribution of the Self-Efficacy of Curriculum Development Team and Curriculum Document Quality to the Implementation of Diversified Curriculum in Indonesia

Rudi Susilana Asra Herlina
Pages: 31-40

The aim of this study is to describe how the self-efficacy of curriculum development team (CDT) and curriculum document quality contributed to the implementation of diversified curriculum in elementary schools. This research is a survey study using descriptive method. Schools were the unit of analysis while respondents selected from the schools consisted of headmaster, teacher, and students. The instruments used were a questionnaire and curriculum document review. Data were analyzed using path analysis. The findings suggest that the self-efficacy of the CDT and curriculum document quality contributed simultaneously to the quality of diversified curriculum implementation in elementary schools.

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The Effect of School Culture on the Management of Professional Development in Secondary Schools in Malaysia

Parwazalam Abdul Rauf Syed Kamaruzaman Syed Ali Aliza Aluwi Nor Afizah Mohd Noor
Pages: 41-52

This study explores the influence of school culture on the management of professional development in secondary schools in Malaysia. It illustrates how school culture influences the school professional development management. The instrument used in this study is a self-administered questionnaire involving 515 secondary school teachers. The results of the study reveal that school culture correlates with the management of professional development and found that two out of five (40%) constructs of school culture influence the school professional development management. This finding shows that only two constructs of school culture, namely collective efficacy and communication, can become predictors of the management of professional development in schools. This study has clearly shown the importance of school culture to management of professional development in secondary schools. As for the contribution to the body of knowledge, this study has introduced a new construct, identified as Total Evaluation, to evaluate the management for professional development. This will help improve the existing measurement currently used.

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The Effectiveness Of An Additional Stretching Exercise Program In Improving Flexibility Level Among Preschool Boys

Wee Akina Sia Seng Lee Shabeshan A/L Rengasamy Subramaniam A/L Raju
Pages: 53-62

This study was conducted to examine the effectiveness of a two minutes' additional stretching exercise program in a 30 minutes games teaching lesson in improving the flexibility level of 6 year old preschool boys (M = 5.92, SD = 0.27) in a preschool in Malaysia. Fifty (50) preschool boys were selected for the study based on the intact sampling method. From the two classes, one class was randomly selected as an experimental group (n= 25), while another class which was used as the control group (n = 25. The experimental group underwent intervention in a form of a circuit training program involving a set of additional strectching exercises for two minutes after a five-minute warm up session in a 30-minute games teaching lesson conducted twice a week for 10 weeks. After 10 weeks, ANCOVA analysis was carried out indicated the treatment group was significant with F (1, 47)= 19.219, p < .05. This indicates that an additional two minutes of additional stretching exercises in the form of circuit training carried out in a 30 minutes gamesteaching lesson conducted twice a week for 10 weeks improved the flexibility level of pre-school boys in a preschool in Malaysia.

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Message from the editor-in-chief

The Malaysian Online Journal of Educational Sciences (MOJES) strives to provide a national and international academic forum to meet the professional interests of individuals in various educational disciplines. It is a professional refereed journal in the interdisciplinary fields sponsored by the Faculty of Education, University of Malaya. This journal serves as a platform for presenting and discussing a wide range of topics in Educational Sciences. It is committed to providing access to quality researches ranging from original research, theoretical articles and concept papers in educational sciences. In order to produce a high quality journal, extensive effort has been put into selecting valuable researches that contributed to the journal. I would like to take this opportunity to express my appreciation to the editorial board, reviewers and researchers for their valuable contributions to make this journal a reality.

Professor Dr. Saedah Siraj

July, 2014
Editor in chief


Message from the editors

The Malaysian Online Journal of Educational Sciences (MOJES) seeks to serve as an academic platform to researchers from the vast domains of Educational Sciences. The journal is published electronically four times a year. This journal welcomes original and qualified researches on all aspects of Educational Sciences. Topics may include, but not limited to: pedagogy and educational sciences, adult education, education and curriculum, educational psychology, special education, sociology of education, Social Science Education, Art Education, Language Education, educational management, teacher education, distance education, interdisciplinary approaches, and scientific events. Being the editor of this journal, it is a great pleasure to see the success of the journal. On behalf of the editorial team of the Malaysian Online Journal of Educational Science (MOJES), we would like to thank to all the authors and editors for their contribution to the development of this journal.

Dr. Zaharah Hussin & Dr. Onur ─░┼×BULAN 

July, 2014