Volume 02 - Issue 04

October 2014

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Domain Approach: An Alternative Approach in Moral Education

Chander Vengadasalam Wan Hasmah Wan Mamat Fauziah Mail Munimah Sudramanian
Pages: 1-20

This paper discusses the use of the domain approach in moral education in an upper secondary school in Malaysia. Moral Education needs a creative and an innovative approach. Therefore, a few forms of approaches are used in the teaching-learning of Moral Education. This research describes the use of domain approach which comprises the moral domain and social convention domain. Both these domains are used through various suitable activities based on the curriculum content. The Domain Theory is used to determine the moral domain of thinking and the level of social convention domain of the students.

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Effect of School System And Gender on Moral Values and Forgiveness in Pakistani School Children

Anam Javed Rukhsana Kausar Nashi Khan
Pages: 21-32

The present research was conducted to compare children studying in private and public schools in Pakistan on forgiveness and moral values. It was hypothesized that the type of school and gender of the child are likely to affect forgiveness and moral values in children. A sample of 100 children with equal number of girls and boys was recruited from private and public schools of Lahore, Pakistan. Tendency to Forgive scale (Brown, 2003), Attitude towards Forgiveness (Berry et al., 2001) and the Moral Development Measure (Ziv, 1976) were used for assessment. Analysis revealed that type of school and gender only showed main effects on moral values and forgiveness. Children from private school and girls had higher tendency to forgive, had better attitude towards forgiveness and high morality as compared to public school children. Findings have important implications for public sector school systems with regard to their role in moral development of children in Pakistan.

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Explicit Form Focus Instruction: The Effects on Implicit and Explicit Knowledge of ESL Learners

Mandana Rohollahzadeh Ebadi Mohd Rashid Mohd Saad Nabil Abedalaziz
Pages: 33-42

The study examines the effect of explicit form focus instruction and specifically metalinguistic information feedback on the development of both implicit and explicit knowledge of adult English as a Second Language (ESL) learners. Ninety-one subjects at the lower intermediate level were carefully selected through placement test at one of the selected education centre in Kuala Lumpur and randomly assigned into experimental and control groups by the researcher. A quantitative study was conducted over approximately four weeks in 16 sessions. Modal (can and have to), past tense with –ed, Present perfect (since and for), Comparatives, Unreal conditionals were chosen as the target structures. Target structures were taught based on the lesson plan of the study. Pretest and posttest were given before and after the intervention program. The tests consisted of two tests designed to measure implicit knowledge (i.e., EOIT & TGJT) and two other tests (i.e., UGJT & MKT) to measure explicit knowledge. Results of ANCOVA analysis show gains on both types of knowledge on the posttest. The theoretical implication of the results suggests explicit instruction adequately facilitates development of L2 implicit and explicit knowledge. Pedagogically, these results suggest that explicit instruction on some English language features may benefit L2 learners, especially in facilitating their implicit knowledge.

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Teacher’s Approaches in Teaching Literature: Observations of ESL Classroom

Siti Salina Mustakim Ramlee Mustapha Othman Lebar
Pages: 43-52

This study aimed to identify the approaches employed by teachers in teaching Contemporary Children’s Literature Program to upper primary school. Using classroom observations and interview as research instruments, this paper evaluates the approaches of five ESL teachers teaching Year 5 students and examines the various challenges faced by them in the teaching of literature. Preliminary findings on the approaches revealed that the incorporation of literary elements in the classroom was minimal. Teachers were lacked creativity and fully utilized the modules provided by the Curriculum Development Centre. The Pre, While and Post-Reading was not employed effectively due to the lack of textbook provided by the school. Nevertheless, the program provides great potential for enhancing students’ language learning in the classroom. This study contributes to the field of curriculum and pedagogy for authentic learning from the evaluation of teachers’ approaches in the classroom learning.

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The Evaluation of Students’ Written Reflection on the Learning of General Chemistry Lab Experiment

Ng Sook Han Lee Choy Sin Keng Pei Sin
Pages: 53-60

Reflective writing is often used to increase understanding and analytical ability. The lack of empirical evidence on the effect of reflective writing interventions on the learning of general chemistry lab experiment supports the examination of this concept. The central goal of this exploratory study was to evaluate the students’ written reflections about experimental work. This study used an instrument, pre- and post-intervention design. Data were collected in the form of individual reflective writing reports by students enrolled in the first semester of a general chemistry course. Our findings indicated that the treatment group had a statistically significant increase (p = .000) on the posttest test after a week of reflective writing was administered when compared to the control group. Students’ reflective writings were evaluated in the aspects of knowledge, critical thinking and applications. In the case of knowledge, our findings were particularly interesting as higher level of students’ knowledge understanding was associated with the experimentation. The results of this study make it imperative for School of Pharmacy (SoP) and Health Sciences (SoHS) at this institution to consider including reflective writing in lab experiments.

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Message from the editor-in-chief

The Malaysian Online Journal of Educational Sciences (MOJES) strives to provide a national and international academic forum to meet the professional interests of individuals in various educational disciplines. It is a professional refereed journal in the interdisciplinary fields sponsored by the Faculty of Education, University of Malaya.  This journal serves as a platform for presenting and discussing a wide range of topics in Educational Sciences. It is committed to providing access to quality researches ranging from original research, theoretical articles and concept papers in educational sciences.

In order to produce a high quality journal, extensive effort has been put into selecting valuable researches that contributed to the journal. I would like to take this opportunity to express my appreciation to the editorial board, reviewers and researchers for their valuable contributions to make this journal a reality.

Professor Dr. Saedah Siraj

October 2014 
Editor in chief


Message from the editor

The Malaysian Online Journal of Educational Sciences (MOJES) seeks to serve as an academic platform to researchers from the vast domains of Educational Sciences. The journal is published electronically four times a year.

This journal welcomes original and qualified researches on all aspects of Educational Sciences. Topics may include, but not limited to: pedagogy and educational sciences, adult education, education and curriculum, educational psychology, special education, sociology of education, Social Science Education, Art Education, Language Education, educational management, teacher education, distance education, interdisciplinary approaches, and scientific events.

Being the editor of this journal, it is a great pleasure to see the success of the journal. On behalf of the editorial team of the Malaysian Online Journal of Educational Science (MOJES), we would like to thank to all the authors and editors for their contribution to the development of this journal.

Dr. Zaharah Hussin & Dr. Onur ─░┼×BULAN

October 2014